/ en / Traditional / mobile

Beats Biblionetz - Texte

A systemic and cognitive view on collaborative knowledge building with wikis

Erstpublikation in: International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Volume 3, Number 2 / Juni 2008
Publikationsdatum:
Erste Seite des Textes (PDF-Thumbnail)

iconZusammenfassungen

Ulrike CreßIn the remainder of this article we will present a theoretical model of collaborative knowledge building with wikis by assuming a systemic perspective. In this context we will discuss the differential modes of operation in social and cognitive systems. Psychological research has described the cognitive processes responsible for individual learning as assimilation and accommodation. The question arises if there are equivalent processes in social systems such as wikis. Since we are convinced there are equivalent processes, we present this article to lead to a better understanding of the processes of collaborative knowledge building. In the following presentation, we will distinguish between the processes of externalization and internalization. We will clarify these processes by applying Wikipedia examples to our model in order to illustrate our notions and to provide an empirical basis. We will then describe the four processes of learning and knowledge building that result from the distinction between external and internal processes on the one hand, and between assimilation and accommodation on the other hand. Finally, we will describe the motivational aspects of collaborative knowledge building with wikis. We attribute people’s motivation to participate in collaborative knowledge building to their perception of incongruities and to the perceived valence of the topic.
Von Ulrike Creß, Joachim Kimmerle im Text A systemic and cognitive view on collaborative knowledge building with wikis (2008)
Ulrike CreßWikis provide new opportunities for learning and for collaborative knowledge building as well as for understanding these processes. This article presents a theoretical framework for describing how learning and collaborative knowledge building take place. In order to understand these processes, three aspects need to be considered: the social processes facilitated by a wiki, the cognitive processes of the users, and how both processes influence each other mutually. For this purpose, the model presented in this article borrows from the systemic approach of Luhmann as well as from Piaget’s theory of equilibration and combines these approaches. The model analyzes processes which take place in the social system of a wiki as well as in the cognitive systems of the users. The model also describes learning activities as processes of externalization and internalization. Individual learning happens through internal processes of assimilation and accommodation, whereas changes in a wiki are due to activities of external assimilation and accommodation which in turn lead to collaborative knowledge building. This article provides empirical examples for these equilibration activities by analyzing Wikipedia articles. Equilibration activities are described as being caused by subjectively perceived incongruities between an individuals’ knowledge and the information provided by a wiki. Incongruities of medium level cause cognitive conflicts which in turn activate the described processes of equilibration and facilitate individual learning and collaborative knowledge building.
Von Ulrike Creß, Joachim Kimmerle im Text A systemic and cognitive view on collaborative knowledge building with wikis (2008)

iconDieser Text erwähnt...


Personen
KB IB clear
Carl Bereiter, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Axel Bruns, Todd Bryant, Ward Cunningham, Kushal Dave, Mark Guzdial, Hee-Seop Han, Sun-Gwan Han, Sal Humphreys, Colleen Kehoe, Soo-Hwan Kim, Bo Leuf, Niklas Luhmann, Kevin Makice, Humberto R. Maturana, Michele Notari, Seymour Papert, Christian Pentzold, Silvan Reinhold, Will Richardson, Jochen Rick, Marlene Scardamalia, Sebastian Seidenglanz, Gerry Stahl, David Turner, Francisco J. Varela, Fernanda B. Viégas, Chien-min Wang, Martin Wattenberg

Fragen
KB IB clear
Warum beteiligen sich Menschen an einem Wiki?

Begriffe
KB IB clear
AkkommodationAccommodation, Assimilationassimilation, Autopoieseautopoiesis, CSCLComputer-Supported Collaborative Learning, CSCWComputer-supported collaborative work, Lernenlearning, social softwaresocial software, Strukturelle Koppelung, Systemsystem, Weblogsblogging, Wikiwiki, Wiki in educationWiki in education, Wikipedia
icon
Bücher
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1969General System Theory (Ludwig von Bertalanffy) 6, 2, 1, 5, 3, 3, 1, 7, 8, 5, 1, 21822297
1980   Autopoiesis and Cognition (Humberto R. Maturana, Francisco J. Varela) 4, 2, 1, 3, 1, 1, 2, 12, 9, 3, 3, 3481133174
1982    Mindstorms (Seymour Papert) 17, 26, 26, 26, 15, 15, 6, 14, 10, 8, 6, 1221545124885
1984   Soziale Systeme (Niklas Luhmann) 11, 5, 4, 4, 4, 4, 1, 14, 7, 6, 3, 2644022567
1996CSCL (Timothy D. Koschmann) 4, 4, 2, 4, 4, 4, 2, 9, 10, 8, 2, 5995051071
1997   Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft (Niklas Luhmann) 6, 4, 3, 2, 2, 2, 1, 7, 6, 2, 2, 236321306
2001    The Wiki Way (Bo Leuf, Ward Cunningham) 20, 19, 16, 9, 10, 10, 7, 14, 16, 11, 13, 81085483805
2002   Computer Support for Collaborative Learning (Gerry Stahl) 4, 3, 2, 5, 5, 5, 6, 11, 6, 13, 5, 3445231387
2005  WikiSym 200513, 7, 7, 9, 9, 9, 9, 16, 13, 8, 6, 127862121597
2006    Blogs, Wikis, Podcasts, and Other Powerful Web Tools for Classrooms (Will Richardson) 19, 15, 8, 9, 2, 2, 20, 22, 15, 10, 11, 9267393090
2006Educause Quarterly 2/06 Personenreihenfolge alphabetisch und evtl. nicht korrekt 8, 3, 2, 4, 1, 1, 5, 6, 7, 5, 1, 210452640
2006International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, Volume 13, 3, 2, 5, 3, 3, 3, 9, 6, 4, 1, 313943435
2006WikiSym 200610, 8, 4, 9, 9, 9, 10, 16, 13, 10, 3, 1165122111592
2006Innovative Approaches for Learning and Knowledge Sharing8, 13, 10, 5, 7, 7, 13, 16, 12, 9, 5, 3506531573
icon
Texte
Jahr UmschlagTitelAbrufeIBOBKBLB
1994    Computer Support for Knowledge-Building Communities (Marlene Scardamalia, Carl Bereiter) 8, 12, 18, 17, 5, 5, 2, 12, 10, 3, 2, 350731408
2001   Beyond Adoption to Invention (Mark Guzdial, Jochen Rick, Colleen Kehoe) 9, 3, 3, 6, 3, 3, 4, 10, 11, 8, 5, 4282141953
2002Contributions to a Theoretical Framework for CSCL (Gerry Stahl) 1, 2, 3, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 4, 2, 23162482
2004    Studying Cooperation and Conflict between Authors with history flow Visualizations (Fernanda B. Viégas, Martin Wattenberg, Kushal Dave) 3, 3, 3, 4, 3, 3, 3, 10, 8, 4, 5, 221132979
2004    Extending the Wiki Paradigm for Use in the Classroom (Chien-min Wang, David Turner) 4, 2, 7, 4, 7, 7, 5, 7, 9, 5, 4, 314103603
2005    Wikis in Teaching and Assessment (Axel Bruns, Sal Humphreys) 4, 2, 2, 4, 2, 2, 4, 7, 6, 3, 2, 13291774
2006    Situating CoWeb (Mark Guzdial, Jochen Rick) 6, 3, 3, 5, 3, 3, 6, 9, 9, 7, 4, 212372965
2006    Social Software in Academia (Todd Bryant) 4, 2, 2, 4, 3, 3, 4, 9, 6, 5, 4, 25242600
2006    PoliticWiki (Kevin Makice) 3, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 6, 4, 2, 2, 13101396
2006    Foucault@Wiki (Christian Pentzold, Sebastian Seidenglanz) 2, 1, 4, 4, 2, 1, 3, 2, 6, 3, 2, 4366478
2006    WikiTrails (Silvan Reinhold) 6, 2, 2, 5, 3, 3, 6, 7, 4, 5, 3, 410134617
2006How to use a wiki in education (Michele Notari) 11200
2006The Study on Effective Programming Learning Using Wiki Community Systems (Soo-Hwan Kim, Hee-Seop Han, Sun-Gwan Han) 1200

iconDieser Text erwähnt nicht... Eine statistisch erstelle Liste von nicht erwähnten (oder zumindest nicht erfassten) Begriffen, die aufgrund der erwähnten Begriffe eine hohe Wahrscheinlichkeit aufweisen, erwähnt zu werden.

icon
Nicht erwähnte Begriffe
Perturbation, Weblogs in education

iconTagcloud

iconZitationsgraph

Diese Grafik fensterfüllend anzeigen als Pixelgrafik (PNG) Vektorgrafik (SVG)

icon14 Erwähnungen Dies ist eine nach Erscheinungsjahr geordnete Liste aller im Biblionetz vorhandenen Werke, die das ausgewählte Thema behandeln.

iconAnderswo finden

icon

iconVolltext dieses Dokuments

LokalAuf dem WWW A systemic and cognitive view on collaborative knowledge building with wikis: Artikel als Volltext bei Springerlink (lokal: PDF, 243 kByte; WWW: Link OK 2018-11-28)

iconAnderswo suchen Auch im Biblionetz finden Sie nicht alles. Aus diesem Grund bietet das Biblionetz bereits ausgefüllte Suchformulare für verschiedene Suchdienste an. Biblionetztreffer werden dabei ausgeschlossen.

iconBiblionetz-History Dies ist eine graphische Darstellung, wann wie viele Verweise von und zu diesem Objekt ins Biblionetz eingetragen wurden und wie oft die Seite abgerufen wurde.