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Beats Biblionetz - Bücher

The Closed World

Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America
Paul N. Edwards ,
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The Closed World is astonishing. One of the most important books of the 20th century.
Von Howard Rheingold, erfasst im Biblionetz am 15.06.2006


The Closed WorldThe Closed World offers a radically new alternative to the canonical histories of computers and cognitive science. Integrating political, cultural, and technological history, it argues that we can make sense of computers as tools only when we simultaneously grasp their roles as metaphors and political icons. In this extended exploration of the relations of science and engineering to the evolution of modern society, Paul Edwards argues that what people have said, thought, and experienced through computers--as reflections of the nature of their minds; as solutions to political, commercial, and military problems; as icons of rationality--is as significant as anything computers have actually accomplished. Social and cultural context has shaped the growth of computer technology as much as it has been shaped by it.
Von Klappentext im Buch The Closed World (1996)
The Closed WorldThe way we record knowledge, and the web of technical, formal, and social practices that surrounds it, inevitably affects the knowledge that we record. The ways we hold knowledge about the past -- in handwritten manuscripts, in printed books, in file folders, in databases -- shape the kind of stories we tell about that past. In this lively and erudite look at the relation of our information infrastructures to our information, Geoffrey Bowker examines how, over the past two hundred years, information technology has converged with the nature and production of scientific knowledge. His story weaves a path between the social and political work of creating an explicit, indexical memory for science -- the making of infrastructures -- and the variety of ways we continually reconfigure, lose, and regain the past. At a time when memory is so cheap and its recording is so protean, Bowker reminds us of the centrality of what and how we choose to forget. In Memory Practices in the Sciences he looks at three "memory epochs" of the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries and their particular reconstructions and reconfigurations of scientific knowledge. The nineteenth century's central science, geology, mapped both the social and the natural world into a single time package (despite apparent discontinuities), as, in a different way, did mid-twentieth-century cybernetics. Both, Bowker argues, packaged time in ways indexed by their information technologies to permit traffic between the social and natural worlds. Today's sciences of biodiversity, meanwhile, "database the world" in a way that excludes certain spaces, entities, and times. We use the tools of the present to look at the past, says Bowker; we project onto nature our modes of organizing our own affairs.
Von Klappentext im Buch The Closed World (1996)

iconDieses Buch erwähnt ...

KB IB clear
William Gibson, Ridley Scott

KB IB clear

KB IB clear
2. Weltkrieg, Behaviorismusbehaviorism, Computercomputer, CyborgCyborg, Kognitivismuscognitivism, Kriegwar, Künstliche Intelligenz (KI / AI)artificial intelligence, Kybernetikcybernetics, Macy-Konferenzen, Militär, Neuronales Netzneural network, USA, Werkzeugetool
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
Blade Runner (Ridley Scott) 3000
1984   Neuromancer (William Gibson) 1, 6, 1, 10, 3, 99, 1, 5, 10, 3, 3, 722171630

iconDieses Buch erwähnt vermutlich nicht ... Eine statistisch erstelle Liste von nicht erwähnten (oder zumindest nicht erfassten) Begriffen, die aufgrund der erwähnten Begriffe eine hohe Wahrscheinlichkeit aufweisen, erwähnt zu werden.

Nicht erwähnte Begriffe
Intelligenz, Konstruktivismus



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icon13 Erwähnungen  Dies ist eine nach Erscheinungsjahr geordnete Liste aller im Biblionetz vorhandenen Werke, die das ausgewählte Thema behandeln.

iconCo-zitierte Bücher



or Control and Communication in the Animal

(Norbert Wiener) (1963) local 

Understanding Media

The Extensions of Man

(Marshall McLuhan) (1966) local 


Crime in the Digital Sublime

(Paul A. Taylor) (1999)

Tools for Thought

The History and Future of Mind-Expanding Technology

(Howard Rheingold) (1985)


Otto Neurath - Visualisierungen

(Frank Hartmann, Erwin K. Bauer) (2002)  

Computer Lib

(Ted Nelson)

Computers as Theatre

(Brenda Laurel) (1991)

Augmenting Human Intellect

A Conceptual Framework

(Douglas C. Engelbart) (1968) local web 

Das Kapital

(Karl Marx)

Six Degrees

The Science Of A Connected Age

(Duncan J. Watts) (2003) local 

The World Is Flat

Brief History of the Globalized World in the Twenty-First Century

(Thomas Friedman) (2005)  local web 

The Cathedral and the Bazaar

(E. Raymond) (1999) local 

Snow Crash

(Neal Stephenson) (1992) local 

The Big Switch

Rewiring the World, from Edison to Google

(Nicholas G. Carr) (2008) local 

Reassembling the Social

An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory

(Bruno Latour) (2005) local 

A Sociology of Monsters

Essays on Power, Technology and Domination

(John Law) (1991)

Living and Learning with New Media

Summary of Findings from the Digital Youth Project

(Mizuko Ito, Heather Horst, Matteo Bittanti, danah boyd, Becky Herr-Stephenson, Patricia G. Lange, C.J. Pascoe, Laura Robinson) (2008) local web 

Divining a Digital Future

Mess and Mythology in Ubiquitous Computing

(Paul Dourish, Genevieve Bell) (2011) local 

Hanging Out, Messing Around, and Geeking Out

kids living and learning with new media

(Mizuko Ito, Sonja Baumer, Matteo Bittanti, danah boyd, Rachel Cody, Becky Herr-Stephenson, Heather Horst, Patricia G. Lange, Dilan Mahendran, Katynka Z. Martínez, C.J. Pascoe, Dan Perkel, Laura Robinson, Christo Sims, Lisa Tripp) (2010)  local web 

The Computer Boys Take Over

Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise

(Nathan L. Ensmenger) local 

To Save Everything, Click Here

The Folly of Technological Solutionism

(Evgeny Morozov) (2013)  local 

Big Data

A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work and Think

(Viktor Mayer-Schönberger, Kenneth Cukier) (2013) local 

The Control Revolution

Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society

(Robert Beniger) (1986) local 


The Future of a Radical Price

(Chris Anderson) (2009) local 


heroes of the computer revolution

(Steven Levy) (2010) local 

Software Studies

A Lexicon

(Matthew Fuller) (2008) local 

The Black Box Society

The Secret Algorithms That Control Money and Information

(Frank Pasquale) (2015) local 

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Titel   Format Bez. Aufl. Jahr ISBN          
The Closed World E Paperback - 1 1997 0262550288 Swissbib Worldcat Bestellen bei Amazon.de Buy it now! Bei Google Books anschauen

iconBeat und dieses Buch

Beat war Co-Leiter des ICT-Kompetenzzentrums TOP während er dieses Buch ins Biblionetz aufgenommen hat. Die bisher letzte Bearbeitung erfolgte während seiner Zeit am Institut für Medien und Schule. Beat besitzt weder ein physisches noch ein digitales Exemplar.

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