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Tracing the Dynabook

A Study of Technocultural Transformations
John W. Maxwell , local secure web 
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The origins of the personal computer are found in an educational vision. Desktop computing and multimedia were not first conceived as tools for office workers or media professionals— they were prototyped as “personal dynamic media” for children. Alan Kay, then at Xerox’ Palo Alto Research Center, saw in the emerging digital world the possibility of a communications revolution and argued that this revolution should be in the hands of children. Focusing on the development of the “Dynabook,” Kay’s research group established a wide-ranging conception of personal and educational computing, based on the ideal of a new systems literacy, of which computing is an integral part.
Kay’s research led to two dominant computing paradigms: the graphical user interface for personal computers, and object-oriented programming. By contrast, Kay’s educational vision has been largely forgotten, overwhelmed by the sheer volume of discourse on e-learning and the Web. However, an historical analysis of Kay’s educational project and its many contributions reveals a conception of educational computing that is in many ways more compelling than anything we have today, as it is based on a solid foundation of educational theory, one that substantially anticipates and addresses some of the biggest civil/political issues of our time, those of the openness and ownership of cultural expression. The Dynabook is a candidate for what 21st-century literacy might look like in a liberal, individualist, decentralized, and democratic key.
This dissertation is a historical treatment of the Dynabook vision and its implementations in changing contexts over 35 years. It is an attempt to trace the development of a technocultural artifact: the Dynabook, itself partly an idealized vision and partly a series of actual technologies. It is thus a work of cultural history. But it is more than simply a looking back; the effectivehistory of the Dynabook, its various incarnations, and its continuing re-emergence and re-articulation mean that the relevance of this story is an ongoing question which needs to be recognized and addressed by educators, technologists, and learners today. This dissertation represents an introduction to this case.
Von John W. Maxwell in der Dissertation Tracing the Dynabook (2006)

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Personen
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Christopher Alexander, B.J. Allen-Conn, Kent Beck, Amy Bruckman, Jerome S. Bruner, Leo Burd, Michel Callon, Larry Cuban, John Dewey, Edsger W. Dijkstra, Andrea DiSessa, Fernando Flores, Adele Goldberg, Mark Guzdial, Idit Harel, Sara Ishikawa, Yasmin B. Kafai, Alan Kay, Caitlin Kelleher, Thomas S. Kuhn, Bruno Latour, Brenda Laurel, Jean Lave, John Law, Lawrence Lessig, John Maloney, Marshall McLuhan, Nick Montfort, Walter Ong, Seymour Papert, Randy Pausch, Neil Postman, Mitchel Resnick, Kimberly M. Rose, Natalie Rusk, Brian Silverman, Murray Silverstein, Cynthia Solomon, Neal Stephenson, Sherry Turkle, Lew Semjonowitsch Vygotsky, Noah Wardrip-Fruin, Joseph Weizenbaum, Etienne Wenger, Terry Winograd, Stephen Wolfram, Steve Woolgar

Begriffe
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Computercomputer, DynabookDynabook, E-LearningE-Learning, microworldmicroworld, Multimediamultimedia, Smalltalk, Squeak
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Bücher
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
Oralität und Literalität (Walter Ong) 27200
1916 local secure Demokratie und Erziehung (John Dewey) 16, 14, 10, 19, 12, 17, 9, 10, 3, 15, 10, 838681621
1930Mind in Society (Lew Semjonowitsch Vygotsky) 21, 10, 12, 15, 14, 24, 15, 14, 12, 8, 8, 81511881887
1962Die Gutenberg-Galaxis (Marshall McLuhan) 7, 10, 8, 11, 14, 13, 6, 16, 8, 8, 8, 145113587
1962  Die Struktur wissenschaftlicher Revolutionen (Thomas S. Kuhn) 11, 11, 9, 28, 10, 20, 11, 14, 17, 19, 9, 51151759731
1966 local secure Towards a theory of instruction (Jerome S. Bruner) 32, 19, 14, 11, 8, 19, 11, 16, 12, 10, 6, 8314381740
1966 local secure Understanding Media (Marshall McLuhan) 12, 8, 13, 14, 18, 22, 16, 13, 16, 18, 6, 91203092710
1976  Die Macht der Computer und die Ohnmacht der Vernunft (Joseph Weizenbaum) 26, 67, 24, 17, 22, 28, 18, 24, 35, 26, 20, 141181691418552
1977A Pattern Language (Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa, Murray Silverstein) 6, 4, 6, 11, 6, 15, 4, 12, 8, 2, 5, 430441303
1979 local secure Laboratory Life (Bruno Latour, Steve Woolgar) 4, 4, 5, 8, 4, 8, 9, 9, 10, 1, 2, 41014291
1980  The Computer in the School (Robert Taylor) 8, 5, 3, 7, 3, 8, 7, 7, 10, 2, 5, 320263321
1981Advances in social theory and methodology (Karin Knorr-Cetina, A. V. Cicourel) 2, 2, 6, 3, 2, 5, 2, 8, 2, 5, 5, 4844281
1982 local secure web Mindstorms (Seymour Papert) 35, 39, 35, 23, 22, 28, 26, 27, 22, 22, 13, 72414575437
1984  local secure The Second Self (Sherry Turkle) 12, 18, 11, 31, 28, 43, 27, 26, 51, 60, 29, 149675145839
1985 local secure Wir amüsieren uns zu Tode (Neil Postman) 19, 24, 13, 17, 10, 23, 16, 10, 10, 9, 14, 8665585203
1986  local secure Computer Environments for Children (Cynthia Solomon) 19, 4, 3, 9, 4, 16, 7, 5, 10, 3, 13, 45404361
1986Teachers and Machines (Larry Cuban) 13, 5, 8, 4, 5, 9, 8, 7, 8, 2, 2, 43434903
1987Science In Action (Bruno Latour) 23000
1987  local secure Understanding Computers and Cognition (Terry Winograd, Fernando Flores) 51, 13, 12, 11, 13, 22, 13, 13, 15, 8, 9, 36916837964
1988  local secure Studying the Novice Programmer (Elliot Soloway, Jim Spohrer) 10, 13, 3, 10, 5, 15, 10, 8, 11, 6, 4, 551455253
1990Constructionism (Idit Harel, Seymour Papert) 18, 21, 9, 16, 10, 24, 11, 16, 16, 7, 12, 51014451288
1990The Art of Human-Computer Interface Design (Brenda Laurel) 10, 4, 6, 10, 4, 10, 7, 5, 11, 4, 8, 9123091235
1991A Sociology of Monsters (John Law) 4, 3, 6, 6, 2, 8, 9, 10, 12, 2, 5, 325183411
1991Acts of Meaning (Jerome S. Bruner) 20000
1991Computers as Theatre (Brenda Laurel) 2, 4, 5, 5, 2, 23, 3, 3, 7, 2, 2, 51855603
1991Situated Learning (Jean Lave, Etienne Wenger) 9, 4, 6, 8, 17, 17, 10, 9, 14, 12, 8, 4143241317
1993We Have Never Been Modern (Bruno Latour) 7000
1994 local secure web MOOSE Crossing (Amy Bruckman) 112600
1996The Culture of Education (Jerome S. Bruner) 15000
1999  local secure extreme Programming explained (Kent Beck) 6, 4, 2, 3, 7, 6, 12, 4, 6, 7, 6, 4181541064
1999  local secure In the Beginning... Was the Command Line (Neal Stephenson) 13, 9, 16, 13, 8, 13, 13, 11, 10, 4, 5, 132211408
2000Squeak (Mark Guzdial) 3, 1, 5, 9, 1, 11, 5, 7, 10, 6, 4, 6114261145
2001Multimedia (Randall Packer, Ken Jordan) 38, 28, 14, 12, 11, 19, 13, 22, 25, 12, 12, 1712563172654
2001Changing Minds (Andrea DiSessa) 6, 3, 4, 7, 11, 15, 9, 12, 8, 5, 6, 124511287
2001 local secure Oversold and Underused (Larry Cuban) 24, 19, 13, 10, 11, 18, 11, 12, 12, 7, 7, 663761512
2001 local secure web The Future of Ideas (Lawrence Lessig) 7, 6, 3, 8, 8, 12, 11, 8, 9, 3, 4, 81798688
2002  A New Kind of Science (Stephen Wolfram) 8, 7, 10, 4, 11, 13, 6, 11, 12, 8, 7, 72722074782
2003  local secure The New Media Reader (Noah Wardrip-Fruin, Nick Montfort) 51, 34, 22, 19, 12, 21, 14, 16, 25, 19, 12, 819710584746
2004Powerful Ideas in the Classroom Personenreihenfolge alphabetisch und evtl. nicht korrekt (B.J. Allen-Conn, Kimberly M. Rose) 17, 12, 7, 9, 5, 11, 7, 13, 9, 17, 8, 73571097
2004 local secure web Free Culture (Lawrence Lessig) 7, 5, 4, 8, 6, 13, 9, 10, 7, 3, 7, 4232541833
2006  local secure ANThology (Andrea Belliger, David Krieger) 13, 11, 11, 12, 12, 21, 12, 6, 5, 3, 11, 33610631093
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Texte
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1970 local secure web Teaching children thinking (Seymour Papert) 7, 12, 2, 8, 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 5, 4, 713147977
1972 local secure web A Personal Computer for Children of All Ages (Alan Kay) 19, 20, 10, 12, 13, 17, 15, 13, 17, 13, 11, 9602091785
1977Microelectronics and the Personal Computer (Alan Kay) 7000
1977 local secure Personal Dynamic Media (Alan Kay, Adele Goldberg) 16, 8, 7, 10, 4, 14, 8, 11, 11, 8, 2, 6311561742
1981 local secure web Unscrewing the big Leviathan (Michel Callon, Bruno Latour) 5, 8, 3, 11, 7, 9, 8, 7, 7, 3, 3, 2732323
1989 local secure On the cruelty of really teaching computing science (Edsger W. Dijkstra) 8, 9, 5, 10, 5, 11, 8, 4, 7, 2, 3, 2191022007
1990 local secure web Situating Constructionism (Seymour Papert, Idit Harel) 8, 13, 4, 8, 6, 14, 7, 8, 3, 2, 4, 438114719
1990 local secure web Epistemological pluralism and the revaluation of the concrete (Sherry Turkle, Seymour Papert) 12, 18, 6, 10, 8, 11, 11, 15, 8, 9, 10, 426244374
1990 local secure web User Interface (Alan Kay) 7, 9, 7, 8, 8, 17, 8, 9, 4, 2, 9, 33293411
1991 local secure Techno-economic networks and irreversibility (Michel Callon) 2, 3, 2, 4, 3, 5, 2, 8, 7, 3, 5, 2442275
1991 local secure Computers, Networks and Education (Alan Kay) 21, 3, 5, 6, 4, 14, 5, 9, 8, 4, 8, 8112581256
1992 local secure web Notes on the Theory of the Actor Network (John Law) 2, 3, 1, 6, 2, 3, 4, 4, 8, 6, 4, 42194270
1993Computers Meet Classroom: Classroom Wins (Larry Cuban) 6000
1998 local secure The Computer Revolution Hasn't Happened Yet! (Alan Kay) 8, 10, 8, 10, 8, 10, 9, 7, 4, 4, 5, 723471061
2004 local secure web Scratch (John Maloney, Leo Burd, Yasmin B. Kafai, Natalie Rusk, Brian Silverman, Mitchel Resnick) 14, 8, 4, 11, 4, 16, 10, 17, 16, 9, 12, 14132014965
2005 local secure web Lowering the barriers to programming (Caitlin Kelleher, Randy Pausch) 6, 9, 1, 9, 1, 11, 6, 6, 8, 2, 2, 534175463

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