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Should your 8-year-old learn coding?

Caitlin Duncan, Tim Bell, Steve Tanimoto
Publikationsdatum:
Zu finden in: WiPSCE 2014 (Seite 60 bis 69), 2014
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We have collected a list of 47 tools that can be used for teaching programming and programming concepts to children. These tools range from novice programming environments (for educational and also industry level languages), to games and challenges which require programming or programming concepts to complete, game building environments which involve programming, and online "learn to program" courses. We refer to these tools as Initial Learning Environments (ILEs). To fit into this category a tool must allow, or be designed for, a novice to interact with the tool and have the opportunity to learn programming concepts. These ILEs can be used independently of teacher guidance, but many of them can be used with additional teacher support and instruction.
Von Caitlin Duncan, Tim Bell, Steve Tanimoto im Konferenz-Band WiPSCE 2014 im Text Should your 8-year-old learn coding? (2014)
There has been considerable interest in teaching "coding" to primary school aged students, and many creative "Initial Learning Environments" (ILEs) have been released to encourage this. Announcements and commentaries about such developments can polarise opinions, with some calling for widespread teaching of coding, while others see it as too soon to have students learning industry-specific skills. It is not always clear what is meant by teaching coding (which is often used as a synonym for programming), and what the benefits and costs of this are. Here we explore the meaning and potential impact of learning coding/programming for younger students. We collect the arguments for and against learning coding at a young age, and review the initiatives that have been developed to achieve this (including new languages, school curricula, and teaching resources). This leads to a set of criteria around the value of teaching young people to code, to inform curriculum designers, teachers and parents. The age at which coding should be taught can depend on many factors, including the learning tools used, context, teacher training and confidence, culture, specific skills taught, how engaging an ILE is, how much it lets students explore concepts for themselves, and whether opportunities exist to continue learning after an early introduction.
Von Caitlin Duncan, Tim Bell, Steve Tanimoto im Konferenz-Band WiPSCE 2014 im Text Should your 8-year-old learn coding? (2014)

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Personen
KB IB clear
Michal Armoni, Mordechai Ben-Ari, Karen Brennan, Evelyn Eastmond, Allan Fisher, Mark Guzdial, Chenglie Hu, Yasmin B. Kafai, John Maloney, Jane Margolis, Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Amon Millner, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, Seymour Papert, Mitchel Resnick, Eric Rosenbaum, Douglas Rushkoff, Natalie Rusk, Jay Silver, Brian Silverman

Fragen
KB IB clear
Ab welchem Alter können/sollen Kinder programmieren?
Welche Programmiersprache eignet sich für die Schule?Which programming language is suitable for school?

Aussagen
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Berufswahlargument: Informatikkenntnisse fördern den Berufswahlentscheid in Richtung Informatik-Berufe und -StudiengängeCareer argument: Computer science knowlege will give you a good career

Begriffe
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Alice.org, AppInventor, Bee-Bot, greenfootgreenfoot, Informatikcomputer science, Informatik-Didaktikdidactics of computer science, Informatik-Unterricht (Fachinformatik)Computer Science Education, Informatikunterricht in der Schule, JavaScriptJavaScript, Karel, Khan Academy, LehrerInnen-Bildungteacher training, Lernenlearning, LOGO (Programmiersprache)LOGO (programming language), Minecraft, MINTscience, technology, engineering, mathematics, PHPPHP, Programmierenprogramming, Programmiersprachenprogramming languages, Python, Scratch, Snap! (Programmiersprache), Squeak, StarLogo
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Bücher
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
1982 local secure web Mindstorms (Seymour Papert) 30, 25, 19, 30, 35, 39, 35, 23, 22, 28, 26, 2723745275373
2002  local secure web Unlocking the Clubhouse (Jane Margolis, Allan Fisher) 3, 6, 4, 7, 13, 6, 4, 7, 4, 14, 10, 839248249
2004Computer Science Education Research (Sally Fincher, Marian Petre) 2, 3, 2, 8, 6, 6, 4, 6, 3, 16, 3, 11154111216
2010 local secure Program or Be Programmed (Douglas Rushkoff) 6, 7, 7, 14, 20, 17, 18, 13, 14, 17, 14, 12289912731
2011ITiCSE 2011 (Guido Rößling, Thomas L. Naps, Christian Spannagel) 18, 21, 21, 28, 27, 17, 14, 18, 11, 23, 17, 2451325242469
2013Computer Science Education 3/20132, 6, 5, 10, 12, 12, 3, 5, 6, 15, 5, 10124310288
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Texte
Jahr  Umschlag Titel Abrufe IBOBKBLB
2004 local secure web Programming Environments for Novices (Mark Guzdial) 3, 4, 2, 3, 3, 3, 5, 6, 3, 14, 3, 810408181
2009 local secure web Scratch: Programming for All (Mitchel Resnick, John Maloney, Andrés Monroy-Hernández, Natalie Rusk, Evelyn Eastmond, Karen Brennan, Amon Millner, Eric Rosenbaum, Jay Silver, Brian Silverman, Yasmin B. Kafai) 5, 8, 6, 10, 15, 14, 4, 12, 7, 20, 8, 11522811639
2011 local secure Computational thinking (Chenglie Hu) 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 7, 3, 5, 4, 81568229
2011 local secure Habits of programming in scratch (Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Michal Armoni, Mordechai Ben-Ari) 1, 10, 7, 9, 7, 7, 3, 6, 7, 9, 6, 11191011441
2013 local secure web Learning computer science concepts with Scratch (Orni Meerbaum-Salant, Michal Armoni, Mordechai Ben-Ari) 2, 6, 7, 10, 17, 12, 4, 9, 4, 15, 6, 10113510278

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